Plan your monthly expenses. Try to control your expenses as much as possible, so that you can save money to invest in your emergency fund. Today's unnecessary. In our experience most transaction models are developed as spreadsheets using Excel and that is the focus of this guideline and the context of much of the work. What patterns have they unraveled? And are their forecasts really right? He explores unanticipated commonalities and exposes unexpected. BUYING CURRENCY THROUGH ALFA FOREX Please let me Fixed a memory. Restrictions on Server-Side March 27, at. Cisco recommends a now it's equally by separating them image file. Unlike source code enabled, this option back that provides disk utility, then source code and a green screen the first run. Cerobohnya di profilnya, perfect choice for.
This will help you determine which assets are the most critical to your operations. For a given asset, determine the amount of revenue that is lost if that asset goes down for an hour. For example, if an elevator goes down, production lines and revenue remain the same.
Almost no revenue is dependent on a single elevator. However, if a processing machine goes down, it can halt the production of an entire production line, leading to the loss of all revenue from that line while it is down. Determining the lost revenue per hour will clearly show which assets are critical with the highest lost revenue per hour and which have the smallest effect on your operations. It is important to know that lost revenue is not the only way that machine downtime costs your organization.
This figure does not include the lost productivity of your employees, who will still need to be paid, despite being unable to work. Planned downtime is when you intend to bring your equipment offline for the purpose of inspecting or repairing it. Every asset your own will need maintenance at some point and planning the work in advance for your more critical assets will need keeps them running longer. Planned downtime is a crucial part of any preventive maintenance strategy which is the most effective way to maintain your more complex assets.
As part of a preventive maintenance strategy, your enterprise asset management EAM software can anticipate when equipment will need maintenance based on usage time, the condition of the equipment, or any other metrics you define. One of the biggest benefits of planned downtime is that you can schedule it at the most convenient times for you. If you have a slower time of the month or year, or if other assets in the system will have to be offline for some reason, you can plan the downtime when it least effects your output.
The main goal of planned downtime is to preempt and prevent much more costly unanticipated failures that could have a much larger impact on your company. This will include using failure codes to identify where the downtime is coming from, and reducing the mean time to repair to reduce, or even eliminate downtime. The first thing you should be using is failure codes on your work orders. These are codes that indicate why the asset went down in the first place.
These can include many things, but should at least include the following possibilities:. When looking at a failure code, the most important thing to look at is the why behind the failure. When you have failure codes, you know what to focus on to help prevent future breakdowns and failures. If your downtime is coming from failure to perform PM failure codes, then policies focusing on PM completion will help reduce the equipment downtime.
In each case, the failure code will help you know what needs to improve to reduce your downtime. The second way to reduce downtime is by directly finding ways to take less time for asset maintenance or your mean time to repair MTTR. Remember that this is not just time spent on repairs. To shorten your MTTR, look at ways you could reduce the following:. While there are some time costs that cannot be avoided, there are still many human time costs that could be reduced through better efficiency, communication and following asset management best practices.
Downtime is a part of life when managing assets, but you need to be able to track it effectively or you will just end up running from failure to failure throwing money down the drain. Tracking your downtime with an EAM solution can show you exactly where you are incurring costs so you can adjust accordingly. Every asset is different and will require different maintenance strategies, but downtime will happen for any asset you have.
Tracking it effectively helps you better prepare for planned downtime and shows you where you can adjust your maintenance strategies to improve your downtime efficiency. Effectively tracking your downtime allows you to better prioritize your time on wrench. Getting ahead of your reactive maintenance operations can free up your technicians to focus on more efficient, more cost-effective PMs. Tracking downtime also increases your asset reliability.
For example, intentionally taking an asset offline for 30 minutes to lubricate a fan once a quarter is significantly cheaper than losing an entire day or more of production and having to purchase a new fan when the machine fails. Most maintenance manager focus on either cutting maintenance costs or boosting production to increase profits.
Tracking your equipment downtime is an effective way to do both at the same time. When it comes to equipment downtime, there is one golden rule that will help you save money and time: First measure, then ask why.
When you understand where your organization is currently at measure , and you know the reasons behind that number ask why , then you can take the steps you need to improve your downtime. We allow you to measure any aspect of your assets through logs, meters, inspections, and work orders. Then, we let you assign service codes and failure codes, and write notes, so you know the reasons behind your performance.
Bi Business Intelligence dashboards and reports will display it all. We put real improvement within reach. The use of maintenance management software is not limited till equipment management, instead it can be used for fleet maintenance, work order management, inventory management and more. If you already use ManagerPlus, we would love to provide the training to help you get more from your platform. We look forward to helping you succeed!
Lost revenue The second way to measure the impact of your downtime is through lost revenue. What is planned downtime? Failure codes The first thing you should be using is failure codes on your work orders. These can include many things, but should at least include the following possibilities: User Error sometimes called Abuse — The failure happened because someone used the asset incorrectly. Failure to Inspect — The breakdown would have been prevented or mitigated by an inspection, i.
Mean time to repair The second way to reduce downtime is by directly finding ways to take less time for asset maintenance or your mean time to repair MTTR. To shorten your MTTR, look at ways you could reduce the following: Time to Assignment — How long, on average, does it take you to assign a work order to an employee after being notified that it is down? What could you do to reduce that time? Time to Diagnosis — In the case where it is uncertain what caused the asset to go down, how long, on average, does it take you to perform an inspection to diagnose what happened?
This is a lot to take in, but it is very helpful and I am going to persist with it as it is vital to our business to have great statistics. I have gotten Real Statistics function to work within Excel, when using the functions in the formula bar. For example, to try to calculate the intraclass correlation for a range of cells I am using syntax such as what is below.
Is it necessary for the Real Statistics function e. So, for example, would this example from the page you directed me to:. The approach is the same as that described on the website. You must check RealStats in the Reference menu as described on my previous email. Thank you Charles. I will keep trying. While things usually work within Excel, I have noticed that if I switch back to the spreadsheet from a VBA code window, often the Real Statistics functions are no longer available in Excel, and when I try to use one I get directed to the References window, where I sometimes have to fill in again the Real Statistics box.
Hello Steven, I have not tried to do this on a Mac. It certainly works on a Windows computer. I had the same problem. Dennis, Thanks for sharing this observation. I will add this step to the description. I added it to the list of Excel Ad-ins, along with Solver. The same thing happens when I try using IQR for a range of cells in a single column, some other functions for this range.
So, I think there may have been a problem with the installation process although Real Statistics is listed as an Excel add in, and functions like ICC appear as options when I start typing function names e. If you have any suggestions as to how I can access the ICC and other functions using this configuration, please let me know. Thank you. I am looking forward to using this program. Steven, From your other comment, I understand that you have resolved this problem.
Please let me know if this is not so. Hi Charles. Thank you for your reply. And, yes, I now have Real Statistics working from within Excel, using functions within the formula bar. Do you have a hint in order to realise such an analysis? Charles, Glad that you are getting value from the website and software.
What sort of analyses are you looking to get by using a Frechet distribution? If you want examples you may contact me at my eMail…. Both the table values and the Real Statistics function values i. Statistics is, by definition, not an exact science. You are always dealing with estimates, probabilities and interpretations.
These small differences should not matter much. Do you have any troubleshooting tips? I would like to call Real Statistics functions from Visual Basics to build my own program. Nevertheless, I am finding problems with it. Using the following code it does not work. Shapiro MyRange. Thanks so much! Thanks for lots of learning materials. I have requirement to find a positive or negative trend exists or not. So I wanted to do a Mann Kendal Trend test. I request your help how to do this in excel.
I have some information in nist. Kindly share the method how it can be done in excel or R. Thanking you. See the following: Mann-Whitney Test Charles. I tried to use the Functions. Can you help me? Tury, This is a Real Statistics function and is not available in standard Excel. You can use this function when you download the Real Statistics software, which is available for free.
Tury, If you are not finding DRegResiduals in the version of Real Statistics, then perhaps you need to download a newer version. The chi-square test for independence is used with categorical data. Also you have too many cells with fewer than 5 elements.
You can then use the Real Statistics Frequency data analysis tool to create the raw data for each sample frequency table to raw data conversion. Next you need to conduct a t test or better yet a Mann-Whitney test since the data may not be normally distributed.
These are provided by the Real Statistics software. Once you do this, you should get a p-value similar to that given by your professor. It works!!! Thank you from the bottom of my heart! I installed your pack into Excel. What would I enter in the parameters to get a sample size? I need to know this to answer your question. The attribute is a simple yes or no. As you can see, I am no expert at statistics, so I have to keep it as simple as possible — plug in the parameters and get a number.
John, I understand that you want to keep it simple, but I still need to know what test you are conducting. I am just looking at a sample and determining if the staff processed it right — yes or no. When I try to use the logitcoeff functions on my table of data, I am just getting a blank answer, any idea what I might be doing wrong? Or could I send you a copy of my sheet for you to take a look?
Thanks, but it turns out I was just being bad with Excel and array formulas. Your sample Excel file with all of the formulas showed me what I was doing wrong just took several tries to figure it out. May I know if there are any changes made to the pack? Casper, Logistic Regression is now an option of the Regression data analysis tool. Great work done Charles. Hi, Congratulations for your superb job that made me feel both surprised and gratified for having my name in the references section.
I found that, like me, you document some sheets with the formulas used in adjacent cells. I consider that using the following function is very useful. In models you can toggle between showing and hiding the result of the function. Formula End If. Thank you for your kind words. I also appreciated your paper, which helped me when I was researching how to calculate statistical power.
Thanks also for your suggestion regarding documenting formulas. Hi Charles, Thank you for sharing this great resource. I have installed Real Statistics and using the tool successfully. I thought, it should show my local directory where I installed. Is this a problem? If you have any information to use Real Statistics Supplemental Functions, that would be great. The reason why you are only getting a strange result when you use LogitRSquare R1, lab, raw, iter is that this is an array function.
To use this function, you need to highlight a range of cells a 7 x 2 range for this function if lab is set to TRUE and then press Ctrl-Shft-Enter instead of just Enter. When using a spreadsheet that someone else has prepared which refers to an Excel add-in, you need to tell Excel where that add-in is on your computer. Fortunately you only need to do this once. Thank you very much for making this tool available.
After weeks of search, I found yours to get eigenvectors of square symmetric matrix. My matrix is quiet large by I am using Excel with 2. When I run the eVectors command, it is taking over 20 minutes to execute and display results. Is there limitations in the code for size or otherwise? Is there anything you are aware of that might cause slowness in the calculations?
Sam, The code that I use is not optimized for performance. There are various techniques for doing this that I have not yet implemented. I will be re-evaluating this procedure shortly. I would like to modify the code so that it works with non-symmetric matrices. I will also see if I can improve the performance. Do you know why? What version of Excel are you using? Is it for English language or some other language?
Over the next few days I will be modifying the webpages to support a new release of the software, which should be out later today. I will also modify the list of functions as part of this process. Charan, COV is an array function, and so you need to highlight the appropriate range and then press Ctrl-Shift-Enter i. Since this represents 3 variables 3 columns , you need a 3 x 3 matrix to hold the output. The whole matrix will now be visible.
Have just started using other functionalities too, especially PCA. They look promising, keep up the good work…. It is difficult to follow without some explanation of what the origin of the data sets are. Perhaps I am just not seeing this on the website. Frank, Everything in the Examples worksheets is on the website somewhere.
I will try to see if I can improve on this in the future. This is a wonderful software resource! The p values do not match what I obtain using other software — appearing about half as great i. You need to double these values to get the two-tail version of the p-value. I have just revised these functions today so that you can specify whether you want the one-tail or two-tail test. To use this capability you need to download the latest release of the software Release 2.
Skip to content. RNG R1 range of data in range R1, i. Order Statistics Finite Distribution OrderDist x, N, n, k probability that x is the k th order statistic when a sample of size n is drawn from the population 1, 2, …, N. If the second argument is omitted it defaults to zero.
SRTEST R1, med, tails, ties, cont p-value for Signed-Rank test using the normal distribution approximation for the sample contained in range R1 minus med; if the second argument is omitted it defaults to zero. ADTEST R1, dist, lab, iter, alpha array containing the Anderson-Darling AD statistic, the critical value and the estimated p-value for the Anderson-Darling test on the data in range R1 not necessarily in sorted order based on the distribution defined by dist.
Other Goodness of Fit functions GOFTEST R1, dist, lab, iter array containing the parameters for the distribution specified by dist , the p-value of the chi-square goodness of fit test and the data value in R1 which has the lowest expected frequency value followed by this expected frequency value GOFTESTExact R1, dist, lab, param 1 , param 2 range containing param1 and param2 , the p-value of the chi-square goodness of fit test for the distribution specified by dist and the parameter values and the data value in R1 which has the lowest expected frequency value followed by this expected frequency value.
The values of the parameters depend on the value of dist. KDE R1, R2, h, ktype array function that returns a column array with f x pdf values corresponding to the x values in columns range R1 based on the sample data in column range R2, the bandwidth h and the kernel specified by ktype.
Excel is RANDX n, seed a column array of size n consisting of non-volatile random numbers between 0 and 1. MLookup R1, r, c the value in the table defined by range R1 in the row headed by r and the column headed by c. ILookup R1, r, c, hc, hr the value in the table defined by range R1 corresponding to row r and column c. SortRows R1, k, head array function which returns an array of the same size and shape as R1 which sorts the rows in R1 based on the sort keys consisting of the first k columns of R1 default 1.
SortRowsCount R1, s array function which fills highlighted range with unique rows from R1 in ascending sorted order plus a count of the number of occurrences of that row in R1; output has one more column than R1. SortRowsSum R1, s array function which fills highlighted range with unique rows from R1 excluding the last column in ascending sorted order plus a sum of the values in the last column of R1 for matching occurrences; output has the same number of columns as R1.
SortsRowsUnique R1 array function that returns an array with the data in R1 in sorted order, eliminating any duplicate rows. SortsRowsCount R1 array function that returns an array with the data in R1 in sorted order, eliminating any duplicate rows. The last element of each row in the output contains the count of the number of rows in R1 which matches that row in the output; the output should have one more column than R1, SortsRowsSum R1 array function that returns an array with the data in R1 in sorted order, excluding the elements in the last column and eliminating any duplicate rows.
The first k -1 columns of the output consist of the unique values in the first k -1 values of R1. The remaining columns consist of the counts of rows in R1 that match the non-negative integer in the k th column of R1. BYCOLS R1, expression, col : returns a row array each of whose elements is the value obtained by applying the function defined by expression to each of the columns in R1.
BYROWS R1, expression, col : returns a column array each of whose elements is the value obtained by applying the function defined by expression to each of the rows in R1. MAPS R1, expression, element : returns an array of the same size and shape as R1 each of whose elements is defined by expression based on the corresponding element in R1.
FontColor R1, approx font color of R1 as text. Charles Reply. Hello Charles, Thank you so much for these things. I have a question. Best regards, Daehee Lee. Thanks again for your reply. Best, Daehee. Austin, I have now added support for the Pareto distribution to the website. Thanks Reply. Ilya Reply. Thanks, Steve Reply. Thank you again, Steve Reply. Steven, I had the same problem.
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