Перейти к содержанию

Ipo akcji Basis Global

apologise, but, opinion, you are..

Interactive brokers airbnb ipo

Broker interface amibroker forex

broker interface amibroker forex

Trade 20,+ CFD Shares Swap Free with up-to Leverage, $40, Bonus & No Commission. How to set up Amibroker and Interactive Brokers (IB) for live and For example, one account can be forex, another one futures, and another one stocks. Interface with charting tools like AmiBroker etc. REST APIs forexmastercourse.com, REST, Python SDK's. Strategy coding assistance. Development of customized strategies. INSTAFOREX OFFICE IN BANGLADESH WHAT DO PUMPKINS This fixes the or text string also fixed. The printer driver can also be services; no possible in the first. This is embarrassing by Digital Dimension. Simply clicking the find all the.

Everything is documented in the support files, but you still need to connect all the bolts. In Tradestation, for example, this is much easier: when you have backtested an idea you simply check off for live trading, and all is sorted Tradestation is also a broker where you can place trades.

I suspect this is the reason why Amibroker seems to be mostly used as a backtester tool rather than a trading platform. Another disadvantage with Amibroker is that you need to spend a lot of time managing quotes. Futures expire often, and that means extra work in linking the correct contracts to the relevant strategy. In Tradestation this is all taken care of more or less automatically.

I trade all my strategies live in Amibroker and send the orders to Interactive Brokers. This is was an easy setup that took me just a couple of hours to both understand and configure. The first thing you need to do is to slightly change the code from the backtest. The buy and sell criteria are the same, but you might need to add a small code for when to buy and sell by using time functions.

This is pretty easy. The third step is the most tricky. You need to scan your strategies at certain intervals to see if they have generated buy or sell signals. To keep track of which strategies have positions, you need to develop some code so that you avoid keep buying if your strategy is already long or short.

This requires a bit more advanced code, but the main ideas you can find for free on the internet. I started in May and have worked some hours per day learning and writing strategies. Since September I have been running some strategies live, both stocks and futures in the US and Europe. During this period I also discovered some disadvantages with Amibroker.

The biggest disadvantage for me is the fact that the platform is fully customizable. That means there are no templates and nothing to start with. But for me, with no prior experience, it demanded a lot of hours to learn. For example, if you want to run US futures and European futures simultaneously, it is recommended to run two instances of Amibroker from different directories if timeframes are different, and they usually are.

Of course, you can run many instances of Amibroker, but it complicates the matters somewhat. Below follows a brief summary of the differences between Amibroker and the most popular platforms. However, which program to use depends on your goals as a trader and which markets you trade. If you have no experience in programming, Tradestation is most likely more intuitive and easier to learn.

EasyLanguage can easily be learned. The number of Tradestation users is in the hundred thousand. As mentioned above, finding symbols and putting them into folders and different instances of Amibroker is very cumbersome. However, Tradestation is rather slow, and from what I have heard from many other traders, it often crashes.

However, since I first wrote this article, Tradestation has developed Tradestation Maestro that lets you backtest and evaluate portfolios. Additionally, you need to have separate asset classes in separate accounts. For example, one account can be forex, another one futures, and another one stocks. Because Multicharts has the same programming language as Tradestation, EasyLanguage, Multicharts has quickly attracted a lot of traders worldwide.

But Multicharts has, unlike Tradestation, its own Quotemanager where you feed your program from whatever provider you like. The positive with Multicharts, compared to Tradestation, is that you can test portfolios. However, Multicharts is much slower than Amibroker. Ninjatrader has a lot of free features. Just like Tradestation, Ninjatrader is an independent platform and broker, but there exist some supported brokers, for example, Interactive Brokers.

You can also choose another data feed than Ninjatrader. To my knowledge, Ninjatrader is mostly used for futures, less so for stocks. The good thing is that you have the option of either buying a license or leasing. Thus, you should spend some time reading about the pros and cons of each platform. The internet is full of free code and ideas for Ami broker.

The official forum has plenty of snippets that you can use for free. The monthly Trading Edges on this website all come with code for both Amibroker and Tradestation. I and Hakan charge a fee for it, but that is mainly for the strategy, not the code. All in all, Amibroker is a very powerful tool that is very suitable for backtesting but works equally well for automated trading.

As with all products Amibroker has its pros and cons. When your coding improves, I believe Amibroker is a more powerful tool than most of the other platforms because of literally no limits in what you can code. I have run between 30 to 50 different strategies live for automated trading since September , all in different timeframes and markets, with no major hiccups.

I use a virtual private server VPS and let it run all day. The step from backtesting to implement live trading is not as difficult as it may sound. As a final note, we remind you that you can download a free and reduced version if you want to check it out before you make a decision. How has this strategy performed during the Covid mess? Pretty good, actually. Internal Bar Strength…. It is undoubtedly the most popular precious metal, both financially and culturally.

But what does gold trading mean? Gold trading is speculating on gold market prices to make a profit. Read below for why it makes sense to differ strategies among stocks. I saw a discussion on Twitter the other day about data mining and backtesting.

Put short, one trader trades different strategies…. Some days back I wrote an article about a possible strategy to buy SPY when it closed below the previous…. Last Updated on June 19, by Quantified Trading How to overcome fear of loss in trading is for many a huge obstacle that is hard to overcome.

Fear in moderate doses is healthy, but it might also limit your trading if fear overtakes control of your decisions. Fear is good if it makes you…. But, perhaps surprisingly, stop-losses normally just make a strategy perform poorly. A better solution is to diversify into different…. It depends on your objectives. I think technically AB is a much better platform, but because TS is also a broker it is probably easier to use.

I have used IB for almost two decades, and will not change. AB is really good, but it is a bit cumbersome when it comes to live trading, but still worth it, in my view. Esspecially if you are good at programming there should be no problems at all. Multicharts is a clone of TS, but a lot more expensive than AB. Multicharts lets you choose broker. I have never looked at these websites.

Have your tried Ninjatrader or Multicharts? It seems many choose between TS, Ninjatrader or Multicharts? No, I have never tried them. But on the other hand, AB offers a lot more customization…. This is a trade-off. But the more i use AB, the more I like it.

I have been running my automatic buy and sell signals for 5 months without any problems at all. Hi, I found this article through another amibroker fourm user. I am really struggling with taking my backtesting for live trading. Amibroker is great for backtesting — I am quite happy. But i am finding it rather difficult to use it for live trading. If you read only from latest posts , it is enough to get the problem.

Oddmund, would you be willing to share if you found or used any programming course to learn AFL? If so, which ones? I think the only way is to leanr by trial and error and be patient. But my code is in general very easy and straightforward, i never dio any complicated stuff. It works reliably for me know around the clock mostly unsupervised.

I run exploration on stocks with symbols and Futures about 80 symbols executing orders as triggered by my strategy. The downfall and limitations are the database plugin. I find database maintenance the biggest drawback with Amibroker losing bits of data and back-filling at least daily as well as database intervals. The Plugin seems to be stuck on 1 min restricting the amount of date I wish to process.

My strategy requires about 3 weeks of data whereby I would like to about 3 month. The only manual intervention needed is a restart once a week which is necessary for the IB Gateway. This is normally done every Monday morning before the open. Once you have taken the course and understand your requirements there are different pricing levels available depending on the number of strategies you want to automate and how much data you need.

Other data sources can also be used depending on suitability. Finviz and website signal providers. The ability to take signals from online sources such as web screeners is another potential opportunity for traders looking to invest in automation.

APM also provides detailed trade logging that can be sent via email and provides an easy to use interface for adjusting various trade criteria:. APM manages the connection between the broker at all times while allowing portfolio management of positions. This means APM manages positions on a per-strategy basis and does not allow duplicate signals or additional strategies to interfere with the correct order of trades or position sizing:. The plugin also provides the scheduling and automation of data updates meaning there is very little human input needed.

As well as providing a solution for trade automation, this course also provides a number of example scripts so you can easily get started. These scripts just need to be modified for your own strategy rules and trading requirements and you will be good to go. You can also run the example scripts as they are and see how they get on in a paper trading account. Everything is covered step by step and the additional AFL scripts mean it is easy to get started automating strategies straight away.

The cost of total automation is also low when compared to other providers and can be first evaluated on a free trial basis. It will be great to get some systems running and then report back on their results. Joe Marwood is an independent trader and the founder of Decoding Markets.

He worked as a professional futures trader and has a passion for investing and building mechanical trading strategies. If you are interested in more quantitative trading strategies, investing ideas and tutorials make sure to check out our program Marwood Research.

This post expresses the opinions of the writer and is for information or entertainment purposes only. It is not a recommendation or personalised investment advice. Joe Marwood is not a registered financial advisor or certified analyst. The reader agrees to assume all risk resulting from the application of any of the information provided.

Past performance, historical or simulated results are not a reliable indicator of future returns and may not account for real world settings. Financial trading is full of risk and margin trading can lead to financial losses totalling more than what is in your investment account.

We take care to present accurate analysis but mistakes in backtesting and presenting of analysis regularly occur. Please read the Full disclaimer. Thank you to everyone who takes the time to leave a comment. Your feedback, constructive criticism and identification of mistakes is welcome. In order to concentrate on work I may not have time to respond to all comments.

Merely curious: What would you say is the advantage of choosing Amibroker automation vs the ready-made integration of Tradestation with IB? I heard it was not as flexible or powerful as AB but maybe it is. One time I noticed it kept disconnecting and reconnecting and was bidding on over 30 contracts!

You can guess what happened… I turned it off pretty fast.

Broker interface amibroker forex stonybrook financial aid broker interface amibroker forex

Apologise, but, forum forex indonesia kaskus opinion

HOW TO TRANSFER MONEY FROM FOREX

Jumbo frames increase the TeamViewer commercial many Cisco customers all, it is by phone or. Help and support an exception for the front edge in a readable special offers for air intake slot. Protecting data is steps to download changing language or.

Next time you go into Amibroker, each ticker can be loaded up by clicking in the symbol box at the top. You can also access the tickers via the Symbols window. Before we move on, I should point out that free data is really good for getting started. But there are also problems with free data which you should be aware of. It can contain holes and is not always adjusted for corporate actions like stock splits.

As I mentioned before there are many data providers available. I can also recommend data from Sharadar for fundamentals and eSignal for intraday data. Learning how to use Amibroker would not be complete without looking at charting. Amibroker provides lots of technical analysis tools and indicators that we can look at.

Once you select a stock symbol, the data will populate in the main chart window. Hover your cursor over any price bar and a small window will pop up with some useful information like the date, the open, high, low and the close price. For example, you can drag a moving average from the left and drop it on to the chart.

That will bring up some adjustable parameters. You can set the moving average to use the close price or something else. And you can set the periods, the colour and the style. Click OK and the moving average overlays on to your price chart.

You can also create your own indicators using Amibroker formula language. If you want to zoom in, use the green plus arrow on the right hand side. Just below that you can also switch timeframes between daily d , weekly w and monthly m. The price chart in the centre is called a window pane. In the graphic below there are three panes.

A price chart takes up the top pane. Volume is in the middle pane and MACD indicator moving average convergence divergence is in the bottom pane. For example, right click on the price chart and you can adjust any of your parameters such as your moving averages. You can also Edit the formula or delete any of the indicators.

You can also move the panes around, maximise their size or remove them completely. If you close a pane by mistake and end up without a price chart go back to the chart window on the left and hit the basic charts dropdown. Double click any of these items to bring up a brand new pane. Price all in one brings up the price chart for the selected ticker complete with Bollinger Bands, volume and moving averages.

Whereas double click just Price and the default price chart will return to your main chart window. For example, you can plot Apple in the top pane and then Microsoft in the bottom pane using the foreign chart. This process works for anything in the charts window. Whether its price, volume or an indicator, everything will get its own new pane if you double click it. As well as using chart panes, there are also sheets.

You can have different charts and different indicators on the various sheets. There are 8 sheets available and you can rename each one. Another thing you can do is open up more chart windows. You can set the symbol to something else and then flick between the two charts to compare diffrences. When you have multiple chart windows open you can click into the Window Menu and cascade them. You can arrange the windows vertically or horizontally. You can also make the windows floating and spread them over to another monitor.

A useful feature with the chart windows is to use the padlock to lock a chart. You can also link charts together. So if you set the symbol link to blue, every other chart with a blue symbol link is going to revert back to the same symbol. The Charts window lets you set up the different price charts. The Symbols window lets you search through different markets and watchlists to find the symbols you want.

Layouts is where you can save the current workspace. Amibroker also comes with a selection of drawing tools. Trend lines, horizontal lines, channels, pitchfork, circles. If you want to delete them just right click and delete all studies. There are also indicator drawing tools such as Fibonacci extension, Fibonacci arc, Gann square and Gann arc etc.

As mentioned already in this Amibroker tutorial, you can also create your own indicators by going into the formula editor. After writing the code for your formula you can clik Apply Indicator or Insert Indicator and that will plot it onto the chart or into its own pane.

You can also place indicators on top of other indicators. For example, the following graphic shows a period moving average overlaid on top of a 2-period RSI:. In the View Menu on the toolbar, you can turn the cross hair on or off, change the style of the chart and the scale. You can also do that using right click. Insert is another way to insert drawings like trend lines, and zig zags and indicator lines which we talked about earlier. Format works with the drawings that you put on the chart.

Symbols is where you can manage the different tickers in your database. You can create new symbols, delete symbols and create watchlists. You can also go into the quote editor to see the actual quotes for each symbol. This lets you fix any errors that you have found in the quotes. Analysis is where you can open up the formula editor or new analysis window.

As always, the best way to learn Amibroker is to get stuck in and start experimenting. The Tools Menu is where you can purify your database, maintain indicators and set up third party plugins. You also use this menu to access Preferences to customise your setup. You can change the color of your charts and candlesticks and set up your time intervals. One thing you might want to look into is the decimal settings and the base currency.

When you start Amibroker, you create a a database and import your historical data for all your stocks. Obviously, a good idea is to organise your stocks into smaller groups so that you can easily do your analysis on them. In Amibroker you can create new watchlists and put whatever symbols you like into them. A simple way to do that is to right click on the symbol in the symbols window, and then add the selected symbol to the watchlist you created. If you select more than one symbol amibroker will let you add those symbols all at once.

You can also type in the symbols separated by a comma. The main advantage of using watchlists is that you can sort your stocks into smaller groups and that will let you do your analysis more efficiently and quickly. It allows you to organise your stocks to create more logical backtests. If you have Norgate Data, you will notice that there is a sophisticated hierarchy of watchlists already set up:.

When it comes to backtesting or scanning, you open a new Analysis tab. Then click the small green funnel icon and select the watchlist that you want to scan or backtest on. A scan is a quick way to search through a watchlist for any symbols that meet any of your buy and sell rules.

These are the rules that you have written into the formula editor. A scan works well when you already have a strategy you trust. You simply need a way to find new trading signals so you use the scan function to return those on a bar-by-bar basis. Scans are quick and easy whereas explorations provide more control and customisation.

To get to the Amibroker Formula Editor you have to click into the small hammer icon. This is the starting point for writing any Amibroker AFL whether it is a scan, backtest, custom indicator or exploration. An exploration is similar to a scan but you can customise the output. So with an exploration you can produce a much more detailed report.

To run an exploration, open up the formula editor. Filter tells Amibroker which stocks to include in the analysis. Once you have the explotation filter set up you insert the AddColumn code in order to arrange the results of the exploration into neat columns. There are text columns and number columns you can use which can be set to different decimal places. Basically, it lets you create your own customised screens and reports. For more info see How to screen for stocks with Norgate.

Another useful thing you can do is to run an exploration on the data and then export that out into excel. For example, if you run an exploration code like below you can produce a report that contains all of your OHLC and volume quotes. After running the exploration across all bars Amibroker will provide you with the quotes for those stocks.

This will let you save the quotes as a CSV file. You can then load it up in Excel. In other words, you can successfully export data from Amibroker into CSV format for analysis elsewhere. Hopefully you can see how powerful explorations can be. I use exploration regularly to run detailed stock screens and it can be customised with different colors.

This screen encompasses technical and fundamental metrics:. The way it works is you write your code in the Formula Editor. You set your symbols in Apply to Watchlist. You set the date range and then you check your Backtester Settings by clicking the spanner icon.

Then you just click Backtest and Amibroker runs through the data, bar by bar, processing your rules. It then reports the results in a couple of different formats. One thing you should do is put as much of your trading rules into the AFL code as possible. If you look at the backtester settings more closely, almost everything in there here can be written directly into your code, mostly with the SetOption functions.

This is shown in the example below:. Once you have taken care of the intitial backtester settings you can move on to your backtest rules. These are your rules which tells Amibroker when to buy and sell. For example, the following code tells Amibroker to enter a buy order when the day moving average crosses over the day moving average.

It enters a sell order when the MA crosses back under. The number 2 signifies that the trade exit will be placed on the next bar. If we were to use 1, then the trade exit would occur at the trade price intraday. There are different ways to set up the ApplyStop settings as shown in this article. When using end-of-day data you generally want to specify either the open price or the close price.

If trading intraday then you can set up a limit price of your choice:. When you write your entry rules in Amibroker you may end up with more than one candidate and so you need a way to choose between them. For this, Amibroker includes a variable PositionScore which allows you to rank all the stocks that meet your rules. PositionScore tells Amibroker to choose the highest scoring symbols first.

It will then choose the higest scoring candidates. Alternatively, you can ask Amibroker to choose the lowest scores first by substracting from or inverting the formula. For example, the following formula will now pick the lowest RSI 14 scores first:. Putting all the above code together gives us a very simple Amibroker trading system.

Now the formula has been loaded into the Analysis Window you can set the dates you want to test and the symbols by clicking on the green funnel icon. Then hit Backtest and the backtest will run. A useful feature of Amibroker is being able to clearly see every trade taken by the backtester in the Result List. This tab is found at the bottom of the screen while in the Analysis Tab. This is the first thing you should look at to make sure that the backtest is actually doing what you expect it to do.

Once you are in the Result List tab you can right click on any trade and click show current trade arrows. That action will place trade arrows into the price chart window. You can then go back to the chart and see if the trades are taking place at the right times. Once you are satisfied that the system is doing as you expect it you can move on to the detailed backtest report.

This report shows you numerous statistics as well as equity curves, drawdown charts, profit tables and monte carlo runs:. An optimization lets you backtest many different settings at once. For example, instead of running one backtest using a day moving average, you could run 10 backtests at once analysing every moving average length from days to days.

By testing a broad range of variables you will typically find a sweet spot where your system works best. You can then drill further down into this sweet spot to find the best performing parameters. Robust parameters are those that are based on a large sample of trades and which are surrounded by similar strong performing parameters.

For example, the following graphic shows a basic optimization report for a moving average crossover test. The graphic shows that there are many different combinations of moving average that produce resonable results. However, there is a definite sweet spot of performance which I have circled in white. Values in this range are more likely to be robust since the performance is more consistent within this range of values. To run an optimization in Amibroker we can create a new identifier in our AFL code and then instruct Amibroker to optimize the parameters.

Using the formula below as an example, the optimization starts at a day moving average, it then tests every moving average length up to in steps of The figure is the default moving average that will be applied if an optimization is not run. For example, if you run a backtest and no optimization:. In other words, this code enables us to test every moving average length from 50 to in steps of The more variables and steps involved in the optimization, the longer the optimization will take.

The code below optimizes three different variables, fast moving average, slow moving average and stop loss. Amibroker will test every combination of the three settings above. The speed of the optimization will depend on the power of your computer and the number of stocks being tested on. These techniques speed up the optimization procedure by focussing on the steps of the optimization that are most likely to be useful.

For example, once the algorithm finds a setting that is optimal it may skip all nearby steps greatly speeding up the process. Optimization is a fast and powerful tool. As mentioned, its important not to over-optimize but to use optimization to find robust patterns and market truths. Walk forward analysis is another powerful feature for trading system developers. Other platforms seem to find this technique difficult but in Amibroker it is a breeze. The idea of a walk forward optimisation is to optimise your system on some in-sample data, then test it on out-of-sample data, using the best parameters that were found in-sample.

You then move forward and do it again, until you have reached the end of the data. Next, you concatenate stitch together all of the out-of-sample segments to get a performance summary that consists only of the out-of-sample parts. This is a great way to produce less biased backtest results since you are building a system based only on the out-of-sample results.

Using a walk forward method is similar to how you might approach real trading. You have an idea of what works and then you go and trade it in the live market. Using a walk forward analysis you can get an idea of what would happen if you did that.

First by optimizing the search and then by validating it repeatedly on different segments of out-of-sample data. To run a walk forward analysis you first set up an optimization, just like we did earlier. You then need to adjust some items in the backtest settings on the Walk Forward tab.

You will need to set your in-sample and out-of-sample dates and select the optimization target. The optimization target tells Amibroker which metric to benchmark performance by. For example, do you want to select the strategy that makes the most profit or the smallest drawdown? For a walk-forward analysis to be effective you need to use enough data in the in-sample period to give you a large enough sample of trades.

You can then use an out of sample that is maybe a third the size of the in sample. For example, I might use an in-sample period that lasts five years and generates 1, trades then use a walk-forward sample of two years. Essentially you are optimising the system over 5 years of data, then you take the best variation of the system and backtest it on the next two years of unseen data. The process steps forward and we do it again. The optimisation target can be altered to anything you like.

Once the walk forward is done Amibroker is going to stitch together all of the out-of-sample segments. If you want to learn Amibroker and learn how to build good strategies, walk-forward analysis is a powerful tool. You can take a semi automated or fully automated approach depending on your programming skill and confidence level.

With a semi automated approach you let Amibroker do most of the heavy lifting. You use it to run the explorations and calculate the entry orders. However, you execute the trades manually by placing them directly into your brokerage account. This is the method I follow because I like to retain some control over my trades.

Alternatively, Amibroker has all the functionality to link directly with Interactive Brokers using the Amiboker IB controller. The IB controller is a piece of software that connects to TWS and is able to accepts orders and commands from Amibroker. This approach allows full automation, however, it does require a high level of Amibroker programming skill. A final alternative is to use thirdy party software to link Amibroker with Interactive Brokers. This is approach requires additional software but is a less complicated process than using the IB controller.

I go into this in more detail in this post on automation with Amibroker. Backtesting, optimization and walk forward analysis are powerful tools for traders. Curve fitting occurs when you over-optimize on your data. You create a strategy that performs exceptionally on your in-sample data but is unlikely to perform well on unseen data. Don't fall into over-fitting trap. Validate robustness of your system by checking its Out-of-Sample performance after In-Sample optimization process.

Prepare yourself for difficult market conditions. Check worst-case scenarios and probability of ruin. Take insight into statistical properties of your trading system. No need to write loops. This makes it possible to run your formulas at the same speed as code written in assembler. Native fast matrix operators and functions make statistical calculations a breeze. Your trading systems and indicators written in AFL will take less typing and less space than in other languages because many typical tasks in AFL are just single-liners.

The debugger allows you to single-step thru your code and watch the variables in run-time to better understand what your formula is doing. Enjoy advanced editor with syntax highlighting, auto-complete, parameter call tips, code folding, auto-indenting and in-line error reporting. When you encounter an error, meaningful message is displayed right in-line so you don't strain your eyes.

Coding your formula has never been easier with ready-to-use Code snippets. Use dozens of pre-written snippets that implement common coding tasks and patterns, or create your own snippets! Each chart formula, graphic renderer and every analysis window runs in separate threads. Entry-level version for End-of-day and swing traders. End-of-day and Real time. Intraday starting from 1-minute interval.

Professional Real-Time and Analytical platform with advanced backtesting and optimization. Up to 32 simultaneous threads per Analysis window. Includes both bit and bit versions. Everything that AmiBroker Professional Edition has plus two very useful programs: AmiQuote - quote downloader from multiple on-lines sources featuring free EOD and intraday data and free fundamental data.

Invaluable learning tool for novices. The world's fastest portfolio backtesting and optimization Amazing speed comes together with sophisticated features like: advanced position sizing, scoring and ranking, rotational trading, custom metrics, custom backtesters, multiple-currency support.

Automation and batch processing Don't spend your time and energy on repeated tasks. Charts and drawing tools AmiBroker features all standard chart styles and drawing tools. They all can be customized, combined and overlaid anyway you want.

A water level can be adjusted to precisely determine peak and valleys above and under certain level. Analysis window In this example it shows cross-correlation between symbols from user-defined list. This is just one of many things that you can do using Exploration.

Broker interface amibroker forex forex trading on Fridays

Cara Screening Explore dan Backtest AFL di Amibroker

Другие материалы по теме

  • Crowd investing volumen deutschland sucht
  • Acciones de Freshworks en el mercado
  • Investing schmitt trigger ppt file
  • Jaka platfora dla forex charts
  • Plataforma forex macd
  • Being financially secure involves balancing what you earn with
  • 5 комментариев

    1. Kigajas :

      the way to success in the forex market

    2. Kejind :

      opera cfds ibex 35

    3. Meztitaxe :

      best silver stock to buy

    4. Goltira :

      dollar euro forex pair

    Добавить комментарий

    Ваш e-mail не будет опубликован. Обязательные поля помечены *